Tuesday, January 6, 2015

What are the obligations of citizenship?

Socrates knew his civic duty. He didn't make a fetish of his civil rights.

Note that 75% of Americans said that voting is "a very important obligation," but only 36% of eligible voters showed up at the most recent national election. It would be interesting to see what people would spontaneously volunteer if they were asked, "What are your RIGHTS as an American citizen?" The following question should be, "What are your DUTIES as an American citizen?"

Interesting to recall what the Athenians considered the duties of citizenship: Being married, having children, being financially independent, owning the arms necessary to defend the city, training regularly in the use of those arms, and participating in debates in the assembly.


ABC News
"An Associated Press-GfK poll repeated questions asked in 1984 about six civic-minded activities: voting, volunteering, serving on a jury, reporting crime, knowing English and keeping informed about news and public issues.
Of the six, only voting and volunteering were embraced about as strongly as three decades ago, when NORC at the University of Chicago posed those questions to Americans on the General Social Survey, but volunteering doesn't rank very high on the list for many.
While just 28 percent say volunteering is "a very important obligation" that a citizen owes the country, three-fourths of Americans consider voting central to citizenship.
Nonetheless, only about 36 percent of eligible voters turned out for November's midterms, according to University of Florida Associate Professor Michael P. McDonald's analysis. That's the lowest since World War II.
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BUT BIG MAJORITIES STILL FEEL AN OBLIGATION
Despite some sliding, Americans still think U.S. citizenship carries some duties as well as rights.
About 9 out of 10 say that reporting a crime you witness, voting in elections, knowing English and serving on a jury when called are at least "somewhat important" obligations.
And each of those is still rated "very important" by a majority. It's just that, except in the case of voting, those majorities have slipped by an average of about 13 percentage points.
"There are a lot of arguments about how our society has shifted toward a rights focus instead of an obligation focus," said Scott Keeter, director of survey research at the Pew Research Center. But Keeter isn't convinced there's enough evidence to support that conclusion.
"It's a little early to pull the alarm bells about the demise of our civic culture," he said.
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SENSE OF DUTY LOWEST IN THE YOUNG
Young people are feeling less dutiful, or maybe just showing their libertarian streak.
In every category except volunteering, adults under 30 were less likely than their elders to see any obligation, and also felt less obliged than young people of the past.
In 2014 about a fourth of them said there's no duty to keep informed, volunteer or speak English."


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