Monday, October 17, 2016

Perceived Masculinity Predicts U.S. Supreme Court Outcomes

Image result for macho lawyer
They might be adopting a losing strategy. By the way, the correlation between the perceived masculinity of the male attorney's voice and whether or not he won the case was a measly -0.02 (p=.008; n= 634). I wouldn't bank on this one replicating, especially since there is absolutely no reason to think that effeminate sounding men have any kind of advantage in competitive situations.

Original article

"Previous studies suggest a significant role of language in the court room, yet none has identified a definitive correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes. This paper demonstrates that voice-based snap judgments based solely on the introductory sentence of lawyers arguing in front of the Supreme Court of the United States predict outcomes in the Court. In this study, participants rated the opening statement of male advocates arguing before the Supreme Court between 1998 and 2012 in terms of masculinity, attractiveness, confidence, intelligence, trustworthiness, and aggressiveness. We found significant correlation between vocal characteristics and court outcomes and the correlation is specific to perceived masculinity even when judgment of masculinity is based only on less than three seconds of exposure to a lawyer's speech sample. Specifically, male advocates are more likely to win when they are perceived as less masculine. No other personality dimension predicts court outcomes. While this study does not aim to establish any causal connections, our findings suggest that vocal characteristics may be relevant in even as solemn a setting as the Supreme Court of the United States."

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